The reason behind the pychological distress in most of the people nowadays is ALOPECIA/BALDNESS. The severity of hairloss ranges from small area to entire body. In most of the cases scarring is not seen. Types of hairloss: alopecia areata, male pattern baldness, female pattern baldness, telogen effluvium.
ALOPECIA AREATA : Autoimmune
MALE PATTERN HAIRLOSS: the hair loss in men is a combination of genetics and hormones. this is also called androgenic alopecia. this is a genetic condition in which the hair follicles shrink and lose because of the male hormone Dehydrotestosterone.
FEMALE PATTERN BALDNESS : the exact reason behind the pattern hair loss in females is still unclear. teloen effluvium in females can be post prenancy.
Other non scarring hair loss problems may be due to malnutrition, chemotherapy, hypothyroidism, HIV/AIDS. Hair loss with scars can be seen in radiation therapy, fungal infections,sarcoidosis.
Hair loss treament include both Medical and Surgical intervention. Medical treatment:
Minoxidil : It is a nonprescribed medication approved for pattern baldness. this is available in liquid and foam forms. hair regrowth may take 1-6 months, and the solution has to be used indefinately. discontinuin the use of minoxidil may cause resume in hair fall.
Finasteride : 1mg tablet daily in men increase the strength of the hair and help in regrwoth.
Surgical treatment: FUE, FUT, BODY HAIR TRANSPLANTATION